The single most famous utterance in Kalidasa’s Abhignyana Sakunthalam is the word Anarya! Sakuntala says it to Dushyanta, when he does not recognise her as his wife.
This has been translated to mean ‘not aryan’ and therefore ‘not noble’. As a white colonial might have said to another ‘Not done ! Not white!”. The term Aryaputra or son of Aryan used to refer to a husband was also of Kalidasa’s time. (This term Aryaputra was Not used by Valmiki in his writing).
- The most interesting thing is that Dushyantha, Rama, Krishna… none of them were “Aryan” so to speak. They were all Indian, or more correctly Gangeyans. (People of Ganga as opposed to people of the Sindhu. And the devotees of Sri Rama and Krishna are more correctly called Gangas than Hindus!)
- The Mahabharata war took place towards the end of Dwapara Yuga and Sri Krishna left his mortal coils in year Kaliyuga zero. We know this from the Srimad Bhagavatham. (Evidence points to zero Kaliyuga coinciding with 3102 BC).
- The Aryans, were a peaceful people who came to India in the year 1000 Kaliyuga, 1000 years after the Bharata War. This we know from the Reference Bhavishya Purana. These Aryans learnt the Vedas and adopted the caste system. They too blended with locals, therefore you and I have about as much Aryan blood, as Naga blood, Vanara blood, Rakshasa blood, Gandharva blood and so on. ( The Vedas are of the Indian People, people who knew the eastern ocean like Vasishtha, the western ocean like Gauthama and the others who knew the Saraswathi.)
So when Sakuntala is made to say Anarya! by Kalidasa she is ”telling the truth”. At which point Dushyanta should have been made to say - “lady, neither are you! nor anyone here!”
However even today, the system of saying Ayya/Arya, to refer mean father or sir exists at least in Andhra. In Tamil nadu Ayyar, Aiyar, Iyer and Ayyankar refer to brahmin castes and Ayya is used in the sense of sir to address any man. In the context of Ancient Indian History, Aryans are late entrants as evidenced by sanskrit literature.
- Kasyapa Muni mentioned below is NOT the Kasyapa of Aditi Kasyapa. “After 1000 years of Kaliyuga Kasyapa Muni and Aryavati came to India (earth). They worshipped Saraswathi of Kashmir and had her blessings. (If Kaliyuga began in 3100 BC this event took place in 2100 BC.)
- Their sons were Upadhayaya, Diksita, Pathaka, Sukla, Misra, Agnihotri, Dvi-vedi, Tri-vedi, Catur-vedi and Pandey.
- Then the sage went to the desa known as Misra (Misra literally means mixed) and put all the mlecchas (foreigners) into illusion.
- He made 10,000 people as dvijas (brahmanas), 2,000 people into vaishyas; and the rest of them as shudras. (See : Indian Caste System: Then and Now: Jati, Varna, Kula)
- He came back with them and staying in Arya-desha he engaged in the activites of the rishis. (They learnt the Vedas etc)
- They were known as Aryans and their generation gradually increased upto 4 million, both the men and women with their sons and grandsons.
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