“When people meditate on perceptions, attachment to them springs up, From attachment springs desire and from desire comes anger” 2:62
“From anger comes delusion, from delusion a loss of memory (smRti), from loss of memory a destruction of buddhi (the learned or informed part of your mind), and from buddhinAs’a , (a person) is destroyed. 2:63
“A Self-controlled person, attains inner peace, even when his senses move among perceptions since they are under the control of his Self and are free from attachment and aversion.” 2: 64
“The delighted consciousness of an internally peaceful person quickly steadies himself in the divine, all his sorrows are destroyed.” 2:65
“For one who is not thus engaged (in the divine), there is neither buddhi, nor bhAvana (idea, devotion, contemplation). For one without bhAvana, there is no s’Anti (first kind of peace – state of s’ama), where is the comfort for one who has no peace?” 2:66
“That manas (perceptive part of a mind), which is submissive to the moving senses, steers away the consciousness like the wind moves a boat on the waters!” 2:67
“Therefore, O strong-armed one! The consciousness of that one is stable, who controls senses among the sensations and perceptions” 2:68
“That which is night to all beings, in that is awake one who well controlled. That in which all beings are awake, that is night to a muni who sees” 2:69
“Not one who desires, desires (kAmakAmI).. but one who calms all desires (he who all desires become peaceful on entering)., as the sea is undisturbed by all the waters that pour into it from all sides” 2:70
Modern analogy - like a vehicle with good shock absorbers is steady amidst potholes – …
“That person (man) attains s’Anti, who is without possessiveness (mamakAra) and doership (ahamkAra – I-ship), and who moves about untouched having given up all desires” 2:71
“Oh Partha!, this is the brahmi state, having attained this you will not have delusion/fascination, and if you maintain this even in your last moments, you will attain brahma-nirvANA – the greatest joy/calm/quietness” 2: 72
Om Tat Sat! This is the second study-unit of the Brahma Vidya, the Bhagavad Gita, the Upanishad, Yoga Sastra, the conversation between Krishna and Arjuna, named sAnkhya yOga!
(Source) Sad-sampat are 6 wealths!
- s’ama is peace of mind that comes from giving up desires. Temples give you this feeling!
- dama is control of the senses, in a sensible way. (Controlling your hearing does not mean piercing your eardrum)!
- uparati is turning of the mind away from desire for sensual enjoyment. It is a consequence of viveka (discrimination), vairagya (detachment), s’ama and dama.
- titiksha is the power of endurance.
- s’raddhA is conviction in the word of the Guru, in Vedantic scriptures and, above all, in one’s own self.
- samadhAna is fixing the mind on Brahman or the Self, without allowing it to run towards objects. The mind is free from anxiety amid pains and troubles. There is stability, mental poise and indifference amid pleasures. The aspirant has neither like nor dislikes. He has great inner strength and enjoys unruffled peace of mind, due to the practices of Sama, Dama, Uparati, Titiksha and Sraddha.
- To get to s’ama (s’Anti) you must give up desires which spring from attachments which spring from thoughts. (2:62)
- Observe your thoughts and leave those thoughts that lead to attachments. (Garden analogy – weeding).
- Also think about Krishna. (Garden Analogy – Nurture Good Plants). Attachment to Krishna will lead you to detachment from worldly things and take you to knowledge of the Self.
- Discrimination and dispassionateness will also lead to s’ama.
- With a peaceful mind now control your senses – sensibly. Instead of chasing behind your senses, YOU choose what you will see, hear, taste, touch and smell. This is dama.
- Develop tolerance-endurance: pain, insults, deprivation, comfort, honour, abundance!…
- Educate and discipline yourself and use your reason – so that you develop conviction and care in what you do. You will then not vacillate.
- Turn your manas to the brahman!
Previous Posts :
- Bhagavad Gita : Chapter Two : Slokas 54 to 61 : Sthita Pragnya (Stable Consciousness) : Audio (Sloka, split sandhis and prose order)
- Bhagavad Gita : Chapter Two : Slokas 47 to 53 : Destroy Karma Bandham With Detachment: Audio (Sloka, split sandhis and prose order)
- Bhagavad Gita : Chapter Two : Slokas 39 to 46 : Look beyond the knowledge of the Manifest Universe : Audio (Sloka, split sandhis and prose order)
- Bhagavad Gita : Chapter Two : Slokas 31 to 38 : Kshatriya Dharma : Audio (Sloka, split sandhis and prose order))
- Bhagavad Gita : Chanting: Chapter Two : Slokas 11 to 20 : Krishna Teaches Arjuna about the Eternal Self : (With pada chheda and anvyaya) : Audio
- Bhagavad Gita : Chanting : Chapter Two : Slokas : 1 to 10: Arjuna’s Sorrow at having to kill elders and relatives deepens, he seeks Krishna’s guidance : Audio
- Bhagavad Gita : Chanting : Chapter One : Slokas : 24 to End: Arjuna’s Fear that fighting relatives is adharma and will have bad consequences : Audio
- Bhagavad Gita : Chanting : Chapter 1 : Slokas 20 to 23 : Request to assess situation : Audio
- Bhagavad Gita : Chanting : Chapter 1 : Slokas 1 to 19 : Battle Preparation : Audio
- Bhagavad Gita : Chanting : Karanyasa, hrudyaadi nyaasa, dhyana sloka : Audio
Sankara’s Gita Bhasyam (My translation and explanation. Work in Progress.)
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