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Archive for category Lakshmi

Lakshmi’s visit

My young friend Lakshmi visited yesterday.

It was an unusual visit in many ways. Usually she comes to help me and comes bearing gifts.

Yesterday, she came bearing her troubles and left with some gifts.

The first big difference was in me. I avoid watching even sad tv serials and movies – I cannot bear to see anyone suffer.

Yesterday to see dear Lakshmi so upset and not to be disturbed internally was a change in me. (I still avoid sad movies now, but for a different reason).

Seeing that I was not disturbed helped Lakshmi discuss her problem.

We talked about cakrAs, I showed her how horoscope charts are drawn and interpreted. And we looked at hers.

She has asked me so many times before and we never got around to it – always discussing something else instead. What she liked best about jAtaka cakrAs was that they were skymaps! What I liked best about teaching her was that she could get the ideas of aspects etc in a split second because she was a dedicated sky watcher for many years.

(BTW, guru mUdhami is over! I saw Jupiter in the east this morning before sunrise looking stunning as usual)!

As a rule I refuse to look at peoples’ horoscopes – it is effort intensive and highly depressing. So this was another big difference!

We discussed karma and samsAra and how though samsAra helps you quickly to vairAgya.

But it does so with misery on the one hand and adds to your sancita karma on the other hand! vairAgya through gnyaana is thus better!

Then she brought up this rather popular but silly idea that suffering helps spirituality. Like vivekananda I believe that cheerfulness is the true indicator of religion.

Suffering has nothing to do with it. People suffer because they want to. It is not samsAra that holds us. It is we who hang on to samsAra with all our silly might, giving reasons for why we have to continue in our miserable condition and not become free!

She wasn’t convinced – till I gave her the example of s’ankarAcArya and vivEkAnanda.

Then we looked at what ideas she was holding on to, that she could let go so as to be happy. Since she is intelligent, she could see it at once! That is one of the joys of talking to an intelligent person!

So if you are suffering in a bad situation, look at what bonds you have voluntarily shackled yourself with and let go. It is in reality that simple!

Another difference. Previously if I bothered to take the time and effort to give someone advice, I used to be disappointed if they did not immediately put it into practice. (kundA dEvi says that sometimes it takes people several years to act upon our advice, it is still useful.)

Yesterday, I knew that my words may not have either an immediate or a long term effect. People like to work out their karma in their own way. But I felt that if I showed the love and kindness that I felt, at least those few hours would be happy ones. So I did the sort of thing my mom does – made a little green honey tea, gave her some oats upma, a little sweet boondi that sort of thing. And I told her some terry pratchett jokes which can make anyone laugh out loud!

Then I saw myself giving her some cat’s eye jewelry which I believe helped me through my own kEtu phase. She felt good to hold it on her hand and tried on the necklace which immediately looked stunning and beautiful the moment she wore it. I always suspect that it is girls who lend beauty to the jewelry though the shops will tell you otherwise.

I remember the day 12 years or so ago when I went to kemp fort with my tiny son and we shopped up a storm. I had just got a very good high paying job after a stint of penury so that day was very special. That necklace and earrings were what I bought that day. Very good memory.

Also kEtu is a mOkSa kAraka. So if under the influence of kEtu, it is best to turn your mind and heart to the divine. Though of course that is when people forget divinity the most! Because of their troubles! My observation.

She also told me that one of her friends, Surya, I think, reads my blog everyday and goes and discusses it with her. It feels strange. WordPress tells me that my blog has followers, but to hear of a real human being who finds my words interesting and valuable is always a special feeling. And I think for a moment that I should blog a little more responsibly.

But with me it’s always – dil ne hamse jo kaha, hamne vaisa hi kiya, phir kabhi phursat me sochenge bhala that ya bura! zindagi khwaab hai!

satyA

The key

4146

Scapolite (variety: Cat’s Eye) : Scapolite comes from the Greek word skapos, meaing rod, and lithos, meaning stone, and is commonly found in stubby to long prismatic crystals. It is not a well known gemstone, but can be very attractive. Scapolite gemstones can be white, gray, yellow, light brown to orange, pink or purple. The less transparent material is often cut en cabochon and will commonly exhibit a cat’s-eye effect, as seen here. The effect refers to the sharp ray of white light crossing the cabochon as a center line along its length. Microscopic tube-like cavities or needle-like inclusions form in a parallel orientation so when cut en cabochon the resulting “line” or cat’s eye is present. If the cat’s eye is not distinct, the scapolite gem sometimes will display an adularescence, or soft white glow, similar to moonstone. Gem quality scapolite is found in Brazil, Madagascar, Switzerland, and Burma.
Image Number: Ken Larsen
Catalog Number: G10553
Weight: 12.81 carats
Gift of Bill Larson , 2008
Locality: Mogok , Burma
http://www.mnh.si.edu/earth/text/dynamicearth
/6_0_0_GeoGallery/geogallery_specimen.cfm?SpecimenID=4146&categoryID=1&
categoryName=Gems&browseType=name

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Time : A Recap : All the previous posts cut and pasted together

from : http://ancientindians.wordpress.com/2011/06/26/time-past-present-and-future-bhuta-bhavya-bhavan-nathah-vishnuh/

Reference : The Labyrinth of Time, Introducing the Universe : by Michael Lockwood, Oxford University Press : The ideas below are quoted from or based on this book.

Time lies at the core of our strongest emotions. We have nostalgia and relief about the past and anticipation or dread about the future.  Time is a “familiar stranger”.

Our sense of ourselves as enduring through time pervades our entire conception of the human predicament.

There is the common-sense view of time that is based on our experience of it.

  1. We think that time passes the same for everyone and that we all share the same present.
  2. We believe in limited free will.  (nimitta mAtra). We think that there are many alternate possibilities and that our chosen actions determine which of these possibilities become real.
  3. We don’t regard the contents of the past as still existing, but we regard them as real.
  4. We don’t regard even  those future events that are certain to happen as real.
  5. We believe in causation. We think that an effect cannot happen before the cause and that no later event can influence a prior event.
  6. We can remember the past but cannot foresee the future.
  7. Thus we have a set of ideas about time passing, the temporal  passage, possibility, actuality, causation, freedom and our knowledge of the past and future. 
  8. However this entire way of interpreting time is, as we shall see, far from being self-evidently correct. Ultimately it is just a theory and like any theory, it is potentially vulnerable to opposing argument and evidence. It must be scrutinized in the light of philosophical and scientific considerations.

The moving present and the fleeting present : 

  1. The words for positions in time like now, two days ago, two weeks hence, refer to positions of time that are defined in terms of the present moment.
  2. In terms of now. What was two days ago today, will become three days ago tomorrow. These are now-relative times.. just as the word “here” changes meaning as you go on a journey in space, the meaning of now changes as time passes by. This is the subjective concept of the moving present.
  3. The words for positions in time like 22:01, 26th June 2011, that correspond to dates and clock references, refer to an objective set of times without reference to their “nowness” 
  4. All these dates and times objectively exist. Each of them is “Now” for a brief instant and it passes irrevocably from the future into the past. This is the concept of the fleeting present.
  5. But subjectivity of time matters to us.
  6. We fear future unpleasant experiences (eg dentist visits), and we are relieved when they are over. The closer an event is to “now” the greater my emotions regarding it. I am not as worried about dying 100 years later as I am about a dentist visit in the next half an hour. I am not as relieved about passing my 10th standard public exam today, as I am of  passing a test yesterday.
  7. At any specific clock time, we tend to have different attitudes towards events at other clock times, in a way that depends on their relationship to this specific time, our current now.
  8. “Past, present and future” represent a “tense”d view of time. 25th, 26th and 27th June 2011 represents a “tense”less view of time. Spinoza thought that we ought to give up our subjective time bias and look at ourselves from the perspective of eternity.
  9. “Now” is like “I”. 26th June is like “Satya Sarada”. 26th June is important only if it is “now”, I don’t care as much it if it is in the next century or in the last millenium. Satya Sarada is important to me only if it is I, not as much if its a sting ray or virus in some remote ocean. Humans care more about Now, Here and I, than about sometime, somewhere and someone. It is hard to be objective about time.

The omni-present Vishnu, Bhishma tells us is the lord of the past, present and future. The very concept of “Past, present and future”, depends on the idea of “Now”.

To get a better understanding of “Now”, we will take a look at the theories of relativity, next time.

Aum namah kaalaaya, kaalaagni rudraaya, neelakanThaaya, mahaadevaaya!

from : http://ancientindians.wordpress.com/2011/06/25/time-why-study-time-kaalah-aham-i-am-time-krishna/

Why study time?

The usual reasons are curiosity and usefulness of course. But there is also another reason. It is because Krishna said that He is Time. So to Hindus, Time is in and of itself  Divine.

How do we experience time?

Our own internal understanding of time is really a never ending present. Now! That is the time of the Self.

Our own understanding of ourselves is the unchanging Self. “I” don’t feel that “I” have changed at all. Yes, my hair is grey and my skin is wrinkling, yes, sometimes my mind is tired and sometimes it forgets things. It is this “I” which does not age, that does not die and is eternal.

But the changeless eternal “I” lives in a never ending “Now”.

The tasty food cooked yesterday is a little insipid today. The hot water of an our ago has become cooler now and in an another hour it will be cooler still.

My senses detect a change of state of my environment. My environment is Ever Changing. “I” am never changing! My mind can remember a state when things were different. It can anticpate a state when things will be different from what my senses detect “Now”.

Using my mind “I” can remember the past and anticipate the future. My mind can only detect time based on environmental state changes detected by my senses. When my environment is as static as can be, or when my mind is engaged in an activity that is unmindful of environmental state changes, “I” don’t know “how much time has passed.”

The time line is the time of my mind.

In this time, the end is not the beginning. “I” know that people enter and leave my environment. Babies and Plants come into the world. Buildings are built. Art, Literature and Knowledge grow. Animals and people die. Buildings fall down. Knowledge is forgotten, literature misunderstood and works of art are destroyed. Species come and go out of the existence that my senses detect and that my mind interprets. My mind learns from other minds how it may interpret things that it cannot interpret on its own. My mind discovers that other minds too have a sense and experience of the time line similar to mine.

Other than the clock itself nothing in the environment repeats, on the scale of my perception.

Yesterday’s butterfly is dead, though the sun has risen again.

Last month’s new dress, is now old and is no longer so bright.

This year’s summer was much warmer than last year’s.

Our Sun himself is a second generation star, and our solar system was once but plasma.

I mark time, by the “events” that have “happened” and “events” that I anticipate. Today is different from yesterday.

Cyclic Events and Time Measurement :

Indians have observed time cycles since the dawn of civilization.

There were sunrises and sunsets, and our own activity cycles matched these. What we did on earth, was in sync with what we saw in the heavens. We were more active in the day time and more restful at night, unlike owls and other “nis’A carAs” (night wanderers).

We celebrated the full moons our own special name for each full moon, and many variants of the celebrations.

We observed that the sunrises swung from north to south, and back again, with respect to a frame of fixed stars that Daksha named,  as did the moon rises and moon sets.

We found that it grew warmer as the sun swung north (Uttarayanamand we liked it better) and colder as the sun swung west, and we planned our divine rituals as well as our agricultural and other activities around this.

And we found that the frame of the fixed stars itself seemed to cycle (the precession of equinoxes), we referred to it in our Vedas  we made a calendar that depended on this. (Saptarishi Calendar).

We found that ice ages cycled as well as the heavens and understood the concept of s’RSTi (creation) and pralaya (dissolution). We developed an elaborate and increasingly accurate calendar with more complex cycles involving the alignment of more and more luminary bodies. (How yugas grew in length.)

We also developed sundials as well as water clocks (A copper pot weighing six palas has a hole bored in it by a gold probe weighing 4 masas, measuring 4 angulas.The time it takes to fill up with water is a called a prastha : Bhagavatam)

The sundials still depended on the movement of the sun, but the water clock depended on other “local (terrestrial) things”.

Western Science introduced new clocks to us based on springs and crystals and new calendars too, which we use extensively today for all our social activities. (For our divine/religious activities Hindus still use the Indian calendars. )

Time Cycle :

A specialty of Ancient Indians is that we believed that just as various celestial events were cyclic, so was time cyclic. Events happened and happened again in a cycle, but with slight variations in the actual details. If, in one yuga, Gautama forgave his harassers, then in another he cursed them, but the basic event of their harassment and his finding/causing the Godavari repeated in every tretha yuga.

That means that there is a Satya Sarada in every cycle doing the same things as she did last time with slight differences. (How boring :( , the very thought makes one yearn for moksha. :)  )

Time Squiggles :

Stephen Hawking tells us that time is all squiggly like a tangled thread or spaghetti.

Modern physicists view time as a dimension closely connected to space and think of loops and wrinkles and worm holes etc in time. Einstein once asked someone  ”does station X stop at this train?” Godel said that the present could influence the past. 

  1. Time is Not Linear. 
  2. Time is not independent of Space.
  3. There may be many universes.
  4. All times co-exist just as all space co-exists, because time and space are variants of one another. 

For a person who thinks of time as Now,  just the idea of the past and present co-existing is mind boggling. If all times exist “all the time”, then what in the world is the meaning of Now? Can then past influence a future? Can smoking ruin your lungs? Or too much writing now cause your back/hands to pain later?

What does this mean for reality (Sat), truth (Satya), and then for history (Itihasa, and Itivritti)? What does this tell us about Krishna?

Authorship and Copyright Notice : All Rights Reserved : Satya Sarada Kandula

from : http://ancientindians.wordpress.com/2011/07/14/time-kalakantha-kalamurthi-kalagni-kalanasana-siva-markandeya-maghamahatmya/

In the mAgha mAhatmya, you find the Chandrasekhara stotram by Markandeya, when Yama came to get him and Siva intervened on his behalf. The following couplet is from that.

kAlakanTham : The time-throated one

kAlamUrtim : One who has the form of time

kAlAgnim : The fire of time

kAlanas’anam : the destroyer of time

namAmi s’irasA dEvam, kinno mRtyuh kariSyati : I bow by my head to deva, what can death do?

Authorship and Copyright Notice : All Rights Reserved : Satya Sarada Kandula

from : http://ancientindians.wordpress.com/2011/07/14/time-and-space-are-time-and-space-side-effect-of-matter-is-space-empty-or-full-of-something-else/

Are Time and Space “side-effect” of matter?

The common sense view is that “Time” and “Space” are like an arena in which events can happen.  This is called the *absolute view of time.

(You could think of a co-ordinate system (x,y,z,t).)

There is a relational view of time. According to this, time and space are do not have any existence that is independent of  material objects and processes. Time and Space are “side-effects” of matter.

(Source and Reference for points 1 and 2 above: Ridderbos, Katinka (Editor). Time. West Nyack, NY,USACambridge University Press, 2002. pg 14-15)

Since a “clock” is a material object and process., it possibly mucks around with time and space too!

The time cycle is made up of several small time lines that historians fuss about : 

In Cyclic Time, what is in the past also lies ahead in the future. (eg as explained in the Siva Maha Puranam). In a large circle a small arc can be approximated by a straight line. So you can have a historical sense of time in short time intervals. Or a time circle is made up of a large number of time lines

Ya Devi Sarva Bhuteshu Sakthi Rupena Samsthita :

Devotees of Devi, worship her saying that she exists as Sakthi (energy, competence , potential) in all beings.

Let us understand this.

  1. All matter is made up of atoms. Kanada Maharshi said this. Modern Science says this. I accept it.
  2. An atom is made up of 99.9999999999999% empty space.
  3. What does that tell you about the universe? It is mostly Nothing.. Matter Wise.
  4. But is it really empty?
  5. “Atoms as huge voids may be true as concerns the particles within them, but that is only half the story: their inner space is filled with electric and magnetic force fields, so powerful that they would stop you in an instant if you tried to enter. It is these forces that give solidity to matter, even while its atoms are supposedly ‘empty’. The fields within atoms are over a thousand times greater than we can achieve in macroscopic technology, though they are restricted to atomic dimensions “(Close, Frank  (). Nothing : A Very Short Introduction. Oxford, , GBR: OUP Oxford, 2009. p 28.

So the inner space of atoms, and therefore for the universe is filled by energy fields. This Sakthi (energy, competence , potential) that exists in all beings, I worship as the Devi, when I use this stotram.

  1. The basic idea is that there is a kind of tension existing in otherwise ‘empty’ space that manifests itself by producing forces on objects that happen to be in the vicinity.
  2. This means that we could contemplate a region of space devoid of all material bodies but it would not be empty if there were even just one more body elsewhere in the universe: the gravitational field from that remote body would fill all of the otherwise ‘empty’ region. (Even that single body might not be required. According to Einstein’s theory of general relativity, energy in all its forms creates gravitational fields)”. (Close, Frank  (). Nothing : A Very Short Introduction. Oxford, , GBR: OUP Oxford, 2009).

Footnotes : 

*“Newton envisaged some absolute space and time – a metaphorical grid of invisible measuring rods defining up– down, left– right, and front– behind: the three dimensions of space. Bodies that are at rest or in ‘uniform motion’ (i.e. not accelerating) relative to this moved according to his laws of motion. This grid formed the mental construct of what is known as an ‘inertial frame” (Close, Frank  (). Nothing : A Very Short Introduction. Oxford, , GBR: OUP Oxford, 2009). A planet moving in a circle around the Sun is not an inertial frame.. there is a centripetal force that is making it change its direction and hence its velocity every second.. even if its speed remains the same. In practice the idea of an inertial frame is illusory.

Authorship and Copyright Notice : All Rights Reserved : Satya Sarada Kandula

from : http://ancientindians.wordpress.com/2011/07/17/time-matter-energy-and-consciousness-kaala-sat-sakthi-purushadevi/

Philosophers define sat as goodness, rajas as passion and tamas as ignorance. But there are alternate definitions.

sat means existence, that which is. One of the meanings of this is matter.  It can simply be said to be the present participle of the root “as” which means “to be” . This is for people who accept that matter exists (and not an illusion).

rajas means light, that which shines.

tamas is darkness.

The three gunAs or “ropes that bind the self  to nature” are sat, rajas and tamas – matter, light and darkness.

==

Sakthi is energy, potential, competence. Its also a name of the Devi. I always think that the name s’aci (Indra‘s wife) is a variant of s’akti.

Some Indian philosophies talk of Purusha, the Consciousness as father and Prakruti,  Nature as the mother.

Some say that Devi is Cidsvaroopi or the form of consciousness.

But nearly all Indian philosophies agree that it is Consciousness from which everything comes. Some of them hold that Nature and Consciousness are interdependent either as wife and husband (or as the blind and lame).

==

Matter is sparsely distributed in the universe. 

What fills the universe? Strong energy fields.

What causes these energy fields? Matter! (Magnetic, electric, gravitational, electromagnetic..)

Matter by virtue of its existence or movement causes all the energy fields we know about the gravitational and the electromagnetic.

“Sakthi” fills the universe. But it is caused by “sat!”

==

The “matter affected” by the electromagnetic wave can also scatter it or distort the field. That means matter can affect other matter “right back” as well as make things different for all other matter!

So all the matter together creates all the energy fields through the universe, which moves  matter about further altering the energy fields.

==

It takes Time for matter to affect other matter. The effects are not instantaneous. It takes Time for “matter effects” or waves to reach the affected matter.

Authorship and Copyright Notice : All Rights Reserved : Satya Sarada Kandula

Quotations  Below:

“Magnetic fields can be created by electric currents, which in turn are electric charges in motion. So far so good, at least until you ponder ‘in motion relative to what?’, to which a reasonable answer is ‘relative to you’ in your (static) inertial frame. However, suppose now that you moved alongside the wire carrying the current, and at the same velocity as the flow of electric charges within it. In such a case you would now perceive the charges to be at rest. An electric charge at rest relative to you, in an inertial frame, gives rise to an electric field, so in this situation you perceive there to be an electric field whereas previously you felt magnetism. Speed up or slow down and magnetic fields will emerge at the expense of the electric ones. What was a magnetic field in one inertial frame has become an electric field in another. Whether you interpret the field as electric or magnetic depends on your own motion.

Einstein insisted that the laws of physics cannot depend upon the uniform motion of the observer. What is good for one observer in one inertial frame must be so for all in all inertial frames whatever their relative motions. This led to his theory of relativity.
…Maxwell had encoded Faraday’s discoveries and all known electric and magnetic phenomena into just four equations. Having formulated them, he then worked out their solutions and in doing so he discovered that they implied a whole symphony of new phenomena. resulting effect is that the whole mélange of electric and magnetic fields would propagate across space as a wave. …Faraday’s measurements of electric and magnetic phenomena provided the essential data that, when inserted into Maxwell’s equations, enabled the speed of the waves to be calculated. Maxwell found this to be 300,000 km each second, independent of the frequency of the oscillations. This is also the speed of light, from which he made the seminal leap: light is an electromagnetic wave. (Source  : Close, Frank  (). Nothing : A Very Short Introduction. 2009.)

Bhishma in Vishnu Sahasranamam tells us that Vishnu is

prANadah : the one who gives life

prANah : the life breath

jIvanah : life itself.

So for those curious about Vishnu and for those curious about the world, a very interesting question to ask is“What is Life?”

The scientific view of life has grown over time, much beyond “things that move” and “things that do not move” ie animate and inanimate.

Today we understand that 

  • Life is that which captures food and converts it into energy for use in further food capture, self-repair and reproduction.
  • Life preserves its form and its attributes as defined by its DNA.
  • From viruses to human beings this ‘life’ is common. Life must eat to maintain itself, to grow, to reproduce or to move about. Life need not eat all the time, it can sleep or hibernate or fast. But it must eat sometime.
  • Life is a self-sustaining bio-chemical reaction.
  • It may ‘end’ for an amoeba when it spilts into two amoebas.
  • It may ‘end’ for a human being when his telomeres ‘run out’ and his (her) individual cells cannot divide anymore to repair themselves.
  • Amoeba ‘daughters’ having the exact same DNA as their ‘mother’., identical twins or clones., count as different living things., even though their DNA patterns are identical, they are not the ‘same’ living being. Because they ‘eat’ seperately to maintain two seperate bodies.

In the Bhagavad GitaKrishna says, “I become the vais’vAnarah (the universal person) and live in the bodies of living things, and with the prANa  and apAna (out and in breaths), I digest the four kinds of anna (food).”  The digestive function is Krishna, Vishnu, Purusha. So eating, life and divinity are tied together at a definition level.

Do stars have life? 

We speak of the birth, life and death of stars. By which we really mean they have a beginning, an existence and an end.

But stars don’t eat. They don’t capture food as an activity.  A star converts its own material (read Hydrogen) into another material (Helium) and converts a part of the left over mass into energy, which it radiates! A star does not ‘eat’ or capture ‘food’ for energy. So a star has no ‘life’ as we have defined it above. It is not a self-sustaining bio-chemical reaction. It is a self-consuming thermo-nuclear reaction.

Stars support life. 

The Iron in our blood is made in the stars. The Oxygen that it carries to our cells is made in the stars. The Carbon that we are made of, the Silicon of our computers all : Made in Star! The stars provide the material and energy that sustain life as we define it. The first molecules of life were created in stellar reactions. (New discovery).  They make all the raw material that we have organised into ourselves and our world.

“Stars concentrate the matter (“sat”) in the universe, distribute energy (“sakti”) and illuminate (“rajas”) the universe (vis’wam)” ( – Sergei, The Majestic Universe).

The self-consuming thermo-nuclear reactions support the self-sustaining bio-chemical reaction. Stars support Life.

So stars can also be understood to be prANadAh – the givers of life. We worship our Sun as pratyaksha nArAyaNa or the Visible Vishnu! The name Kesi refers to the sunrays as hairs of Vishnu.

Today, we are also close to synthesising life as we have defined above!

“Every research team that has embarked on the quest for synthetic life reports good progress and the goal of creating a living being from non-living chemicals is now less a vague possibility than a definite target with clear roadmaps leading to it.” (Source )

Authorship and Copyright Notice : All Rights Reserved : Satya Sarada Kandula

My personal perception at this time is that consciousness is a sort of emergent phenomenon. That means first stuff (‘sat’) and then consciousness (purusha, ‘tat’).

As I perceive it, a mind is the electro-bio-chemical ‘activity’ of a brain.

Think of physical layer of a computer network. All you will see are voltages fluctuating on the wires to a ‘rythym’ if you will. Every higher layer of the network, listens (responds) only to the fluctuations at specific pre-determined time intervals, and ignores all other data. Into the arrangement of these voltage fluctuations (bits) is encoded all the information in the world. Some hardware cares about addresses and switching and some other about decoding and so forth. The final meaning of these words I type is ‘known’ to your human brain. 

Think of waves on the sea, that are made of water and are in the sea and yet are not water. It is their movement., their activity itself that makes them a wave.

Think of the sound waves or electromagnetic waves. Our brain activity “reads meanings” into the sounds and lights that our senses detect. And it puts out information into the sounds and expressions we make for other living beings to make sense of.

Think of us.

What do we, human beings, do? We bridge synapses, the gaps between neurons in our brains, when we learn. We transfer our “brain patterns” or thought processes to others, when we teach, write converse etc.  We alter the landscape of the earth and create new materials : molecules like plastic, new intelligent beings : robots and computers. We put small objects like satellites in space which serve to transmit information among ourselves using electromagnetic radiation.

In addition to transforming the appearance of our earth’s crust and sending new plastic materials (satellites) into space (our solar system)., we Actively Observe Others in the Universe and Ourselves, forming impressions that explain the world. We learn, we are conscious and we have at least the illusion of free will. We recognise this consciousness in other living beings.

Sankaracharya in his vakyavritti of  Tat Tvam Asi, says that Tat, the Brahman and Tvam the jeevatma are one and the same and that both are of the form of cit (consciousness).

 I bow to my Guru, by whose grace I learned my true nature (Atma Rupam), that I alone am Vishnu and everything is superimposed on me. 

Why don’t you recognise yourself?  The vigraha (embodiment) of *Caitanya (enlightened consciousness), Ananda Rupa (of the form of joy), **Satya (Existence), the Sakshi (witness) of the Antah Karana (Inner Ear – Inner Sensor)  and tat vritti (its modifications).

You are your Caitanyam (enlightened consciousness), which is true, joyful and a witness to your mind.

Know that you are not your body, your senses, your life or your mind or a combination of both. You are a witness to them.

You (Tvam) are the knower of your body and mind and their behaviour, while awake or asleep. You are what makes them appear as if they were conscious. You are that for whose sake other things become dear. You are that which desires never to die and to always be eternal. You are the Knower, the Witness and You are unchanging.

Tat refers to the Brahman discussed in the Vedas and the Upanishads, as the infinite (ananta), the knower of all (sarvagnya), flawless, untainted, subtle, invisible, the greatest joy, truth and consciousness, the supreme, competent, controller, knowing which everything is known, the cause of Prapancha (Universe, Expansion), the goal of the seekers of freedom, which enters creation as the Jiva Atma, which causes our actions and gives us the fruit of our actions.

Maya (Illusion) is the Upadhi for Brahman, it is mistaken for the Brahman, as your body-mind is mistaken for you.

If the meaning of either Tat or Tvam is mistaken (as Maya or the body-mind), then the identity Tat Tvam Asi fails. When Tat (Brahman) and Tvam (Pratyak Bodha) are correctly identified with Sat-Cit-Ananda (Existence – Consciousness – Bliss), a person attains the state of Aham Brahmosmi, and stops accruing new karma. He becomes a Jivan Muktha – one who is liberated in life and need only work off the karma that he started off with. After this he will attain Kaivalyam or Vishnupadam.

 Professor Brian Josephson, is the director of the Mind-Matter Unification Project of the Theory of Condensed Matter Group at the Cavendish Laboratory, Cambridge.

Videos of his lectures.

He says, “The problem of how life came into existence is a major challenge for biology. I shall argue for an explanation involving the idea that a more elementary form of life, not dependent on matter, existed prior to the big bang, and evolved at the level of ideas in the same way that human societies evolve at the level of ideas. Just as human society discovered how to use matter in a range of technological applications, the hypothesised life before the big bang discovered how to organise energy to make physical universes, and to make fruitful use of the matter available in such universes. In addition, our various creative abilities are in part expressions of aspects of this original life.” Source

Devi Bhagavatham tells us that Sarva Chaitanya was first, then the universe: (Reference)

Reference :

At the end of a kalpa, Sri Hari (Vishnu) was lying on a small banyan leaf (a Vata Patra).

He was curious about himself and how he had come into existence and he was curious about all that was around him.

Then Devi who is Sarva Caitanya – the consciousness of all  spoke, “All that you see is Me!”. Sri Hari wondered about the voice and the words and meditated on the Devi.

Then she appeared in the form of Sri MahaLakshmi (Light) surrounded on all sides by all the  Sakthis personified. Some of these Sakthis were.. Rati, Bhûti, Buddhi (Intellect), Mati, Kîrti (Fame), Smriti(Memory), Dhriti, S’raddhâ, Medhâ, Svadhâ, Svâhâ, Kshudhâ, Nidrâ (Sleep), Dayâ (Compassion), Gati, Tusti, Pusti, Ksamâ (Forgiveness), Lajjâ, Jrimbhâ Tandrâ. All of them were beautiful and well decked.

Each possessed a clear distinct form and was endowed with a clear distinct feeling. In the hands of them all were divine weapons; on their necks, necklaces and garlands of Mandâra (Hibiscus) flowers; and all the limbs of their bodies were decorated with divine ornaments. They stood above the surface of the water without their feet touching it.

This raised a whole lot of new questions in Sri Janardhana’s (Vishnu’s) mind. Was she his mother or Maya? Was he to be a baby forever or would he grow up? Why was he on a banyan leaf?

Then MahaLakshmi reminded him that she was always his consort and after every pralaya, when srishti or creation happened again Vishnu would come into existence and marry her. Under the influence of MahaSakthi he had forgotten.

Then MahaLakshmi reminded him of what took place every kalpa : “ That Highest Mahâ S’akti (Energy) is transcendent of all the Gunas; but you and I are with Gunas. Know me as the S’akti, all of Sattva Guna (Existence) who is widely known as Mahâ Laksmî. After this the Prajâpati Brahma, full of Rajo Gunas (Light), the creator of all the Lokas, will come into existence from your navel lotus and will create the three worlds. Then he will perform severe tapasyâ and acquire the excellent power to create, and will create the three worlds by his Rajo Guna. That highly intelligent Prajâpati will create first, the five Mahâ bhûtas (great elements), all endowed with Gunas and then create mind with sensory organs and the presiding deities of the senses, and thus with all the ingredients, fit for creation, will create all the worlds. Therefore He is denominated by all as the Creator of Brahmânda. O highly fortunate one! You will be the Preserver of this Universe. When the Prajâpati Brahmâ will be angry at the beginning of the creation on his four mind-born sons, Rudra Deva will appear. He will appear then from the centre of his eye brows. On being born this Rudra Deva will practise very severe tapasyâ and will get the Samhâra S’akti, who is all of Tamo Guna (Darkness) and at the end of the Kalpa will destroy all this universe of five elements. O highly intelligent one! So I have come to you for this work of creation, etc. So take me to you as your Vaisnavî S’akti full of Sattva Guna. O Madhusûdana! I will take refuge at your breast and will remain always with you. ”

…read http://ancientindians.wordpress.com/2010/04/11/vatapatrasayi-sri-maha-vishnu-as-a-baby-devi-bhagavatham/ if you want the rest of the story…

Vishnu told Brahma : Maha Sakti is the Îs’varî  (the master) of the Îs’varas of this universe. O Brahmâ! You, I and all other things of the entire Universe are born of the Chit S’akti (the power of consciousness) of Her and Her alone; there is no manner of doubt in this

My Thoughts :

The text tells us that it is c’it (chitta) or consciousness that is eternal and is the cause of all that we see around us moving or unmoving. Some may refer to it as the Purusha and some as the Devi.

Devi is Sakti (Energy), Devi is Chaitanya (Consciousness).

Energy Fields (electromagnetic, gravitational) are an effect of matter. Consciousness is an effect of matter (electro-bio-chemical activity).

Consciousness is literally a kind of energy (activity) too.

Avyakta (undifferentiated) Sakti (energy), Devi (divinity) is first.

This became the vyakta (differentiated) : matter and energy filled universe.

Was that first undifferentiated Sakti – conscious as our scriptures tell us? Or did consciousness emerge from the system, in patches, later? Does the universe have a consciousness which is either same as or different from our consciousness?

Even More : Philosophies : God and Vedas in different Ancient Indian Philosophies

We have seen, that Time was perceived by Ancient Indians as Divinity – KrishnaVishnuSiva! There is no question of “killing time or wasting time”, it is Time who kills all, in fact, while our Self is eternal, this life has already been destroyed by Time. (Bhagavad Gita).

We have seen that space (including the atoms that we are made of) is not empty or full of ‘ether’ but of energy fields strong enough to move stars. This we recognised as the Devi who is in all things, in all worlds in the form of energy.

We have defined life, fundamentally as “that which eats” to pursue its activities. We have seen that life as well as digestion are attributes of Vishnu, in our philosophy. We have also seen that the stars which are self consuming and energy radiating are givers of life and that giving life is an attribute of Vishnu.

We have seen that consciousness is a mental process made up of bio-electrical-chemical signals – ie the movement of little electrons and chemical particles. And that this consciousness is the Self, the Brahman, the Sarva Chaitanya Devi, the Atma and the Paramatma.

Please read the articles above before reacting on the conclusions. Jai!

Movement : 

All of us “intuitively” know about movement. My fingers are moving as I type aren’t they?

The word Jagat, which we use for world, itself means ‘that which moves.’

Moving electrons cause electric fields, magnetic fields and “thought” fields., besides a bunch of other things. Movement is intricately bound up with our ideas of Devi as energy and consciousness. To be at rest requires that we acquire no energy (potential to move) and spend no energy (actually move!).

When we say “move”, we have in mind two concepts. One is space. My pen which I left on my writing desk is now unreasonably enough, in the kitchen!

The other is time.  My pen which I left on my writing desk, Yesterday, the 19th of July,  is today, on the 20th of July, in the kitchen! The photon which left the sun 8 mins ago, has reached the earth now.

Science Fiction writers who write about time travel, write about bumping into future and past versions or instances of ourselves, implying very clearly that there is one instance of us for every split second of our life span. Technically, the instance of the pen on my writing desk and the instance of the pen in my kitchen are two versions of the same pen.

It reminds me of “motion” pictures. Thousands of static images, and the “illusion” of movement because our eyes, “take more time” to respond, than the rate at which the images flash across the screen. Buddhists will tell you that the world is recreated every instant and we are under the illusion that it is the same one as before! There is a nice fictional book called “Thief of Time” based on that idea.

Newton believed that you could draw a big “never-moving frame” in the universe. This would be an inertial frame. Everything moved with respect to that. He believed that there was an infinite time line. And that events happened along that time line in that space frame.

The problem is that a frame can be called inertial if it does not move, or if it moves at a constant speed, not accelerating.

And in nature everything is accelerating, because its spinning and revolving at the very least! Everything is in a gravitational, electric, and magnetic field, there are forces on it and it is accelerating.

What does this mean? It means in our universe there is no place where you can stand and take measurements of distance and time, that will bear even a constant relationship to the measurements made by some one else standing at another place, forget agreeing with them! Your measurements are yours and mine are mine. We feel that we can do that here on earth only because that is the scale at which our brain and senses operate!

The super great fun is that you and I will agree on the laws of physics because they look the same in your place and mine, we just won’t agree where something is, when something is and whether it is moving or not and if so how fast! We don’t agree about actual movements only about the rules that govern movement.

So the solutions to all your high school physics problems would be ‘good enough’ but not accurate.

There seems to be stuff and some of that stuff seems to be moving about. Stuff needs energy to move. It gets some of this energy by other things that “push and pull it” with electrical, magnetic and gravitational forces.

We call the stuff ‘sat’. We call the energy ‘sakti or Devi’. And we call the time ‘kala – Vishnu, Siva, Krishna’. This whole jing-bang arrangement we call ‘prapancha – towards the five (elements)’, ‘vis’wam – the expanding universe  or ‘jagat’.

We call the consciousness, the particular kind of movement of electrons and chemicals of all this, the ‘sAkSi’ or witness or observer, the Sarva Caitanya or Devi, the self or Atma.

In future articles, let us look more closely at time, space, motion, life and consciousness.

Authorship and Copyright Notice : All Rights Reserved : Satya Sarada Kandula

“May these words reach those who need to know!”

from : http://ancientindians.wordpress.com/2011/07/22/light-lakshmi-vishnu/

While explaining the Sri Suktham.. (see site map), I put forward my reasons for treating Lakshmi as light. In the previous posts on Time, Life and Consciousness I have explained why I hold that Devi, Sakthi is energy.
Lakshmi is the “light” part of energy.
I was interested to see that “Lakshmih” is one of the name attributes of Vishnu as given in the Vishnu Sahasranama by Bhishma.
Interestingly, Bhishma does not take credit for the 1000 names of Vishnu. He says, these  auspicious names were given by the Rishis. He has summarised them for Dharmaraja, Yudhisthira, since Krishna asked Bhishma to teach the eldest Pandava!

I have been kind of revising a book called Newton to Einstein, the trail of light, by Ralph Baierlein.

He tells of how and why Newton reasoned that light was made of particles, and why the wave theory of light held sway for a while. Then he goes on to explain how the speed of electromagnetic waves as computed by Maxwell, matched the speed of light as given by Newton, leading Maxwell to suspect that Light was indeed an electromagnetic wave.

Of course the story does not end here, I have to read up photons and quantum mechanics, to understand what humanity has worked out about light and from there get a hold of general relativity.

We know of Lakshmi as sthoola and sookshma, both material and fine, maha sakti, the great energy.. Indians as a rule are comfortable with, This And That, we don’t insist on the exclusive Or.

So the list of things, I insist on learning, please add Light also!

Why should I worship Lakshmi if she is “only” light? The Indian way is ancient. We worship parents, guests, trees, children, food, knowledge, rivers, light, darkness… everything!

Michelle Paver has spent a lot of time understanding tribes and animals and has written an excellent set of six books  for children. The first is called Wolf Brother and its an excellent book for getting into the skin of people who she thinks lived ariund 6000 BCE. Its a book of humans, nature and magic, the world as perceived by tribes in the hunter gatherer day, earlier than agriculture.

So one thought is that Indians have inherited this culture of universal respect that we call worship.

Another is of course the view held by David Frawley and Aryabhata and Bhishma that we are actually recovering and relearning ancient knowledge.

My view is that The Rishis knew more than some people today give credit for. And it was in a code that we are trying to solve. My efforts to understand them have been very rewarding.

In my head the brilliant visionaries like Einstein, Maxwell and Newton are also Rishis, though by religion they may have been unitarians, jews or whatever else. And their work is encoded in mathematics, which also we need to learn.

So recently, I have been called a researcher in philosophy by someone who never reads what I read or what I write!

Like many of the Rishis, ancient and recent, I too believe in God and prayer.

To me it seems that the bio electrical signals of my little brain (also Devi), that I call my heartfelt  prayers, actually influence other little events in my life, which are really the energy (Devi) in other things.

In today’s world this is seen as an admission of idiocy by many. :) But that’s okay. The feeling is mutual!

Authorship, Photography and Copyright notice : All Rights Reserved : Satya Sarada Kandula.

from : http://ancientindians.wordpress.com/2011/07/25/light-bits-of-light-energy-photons-suvarna-rajata-srajaa-lakshmi-mass-energy-equivalence-sat-sakti-equivalence-advaita-sat-cit-ananda/

All the pictures of Lakshmi Devi, show gold coins streaming from her hands. The Vedic Sri Suktham, tells us that Lakshmi is she who causes/is a stream (srajaa) of brilliant (rajata) good colour (su-varna) and that she is herself the colour of hiraNya ( gold, deer).

Throw a little visible light or ultraviolet light  on some metals. And observe at what minimum frequencies electrons shoot out and what the energy is of the fastest particle that shoots out at that energy, or read up the experimental results and conjectures of people who have done these experiments.

It appears that that the electrons can receive energy from light only in multiples of   hf , where h is the planck’s constant and f is the frequency of the light that you shine on the metal.

So electromagnetic waves (light) can give energy to matter particles (electrons).

But when electrons get sufficient energy to escape from an atom, they escape and move off with some velocity.

But if there is a change in the velocity  of the electron, its momentum  must change too!

But momentum must be conserved in the universe.

So the momentum (mv) of the incident light must also change?

How can you change the momentum of  something that has no mass?

If the incident light can lose hf  energy, then it can lose some momentum.

If we were as smart as Einstein and lived at his time, we would say, “Hey! It looks like energy has an equivalent mass (m)!”.

Then we would do some maths and balance units on both sides of an equation and do something like this?(Of course FAR MORE RIGOUROUSLY)!

E = hf = 0.5 mvv = 0.5mcc, since the velocity of light in vaccuum is c.

Ah! energy is proportional to m times c-squared.

So the equivalent mass of a bit of light energy is proportional to hf/cc.

(Then people smart enough to do so, would make an atomic fission bomb, and the people who were dumb enough to use it would use it! So I think its best to approach the study of light with reverence and s’raddha).

So mass which is the amount of matter in a thing, can be converted to energy and energy could be converted into mass. And masses have an equivalent energy and energies have equivalent masses.

That is vyakta (differentiated) to avyakta (undifferentiated) and avyakta to vyakta, and the “vyakta – avyakta” equivalence.

A sat – s’akti equivalence. And we did work out previously that cit was a form of s’akti and devi was cit swaroopi. So we have a sat-cit equivalence.

I have never discussed “aum tat sat” in detail before on this web-site., but roughly it means, ‘that’ (brahman) is ‘that which is’ (reality).

And suddenly we have tat, sat, sakti all as different apparent forms of the same “It” or “That”. What Richard Bach cheerfully called the “Is”.

And suddenly, it feels like Sankaracharya was bang on with his Advaita philosophy,

“brahma satyam, jagat mithyam, jivo brahmah na parah!” : “Brahman is the reality, the moving world is an illusion, and the jiva is the brahma, none other”

And if I have got the concept right, then the bliss or ananda of knowing this, gives rise to the the term sat-cit-ananda.

from : http://ancientindians.wordpress.com/2011/07/27/particles-the-very-small-sukshma-and-the-very-fast-vega-photons-lakshmi-devi-sarva-chaitanya-atman/

Everyone knows that, Hanuman, the son of the wind, vayu deva, is the fastest. Right? Well, the Isa Upanishad, tells us of one so fast that even the Devas could not catch up with That. (na enat devAh aapnuvan pUrvam arSat : Isa Vasya Upanishad). The Kena Upanishad tells us that Uma Haimavati, appeared in the very same place and explained the nature of  ”That” Brahman to Indra. Some think of Her as Brahmavidya. The Devi Bhagavatam tells us that She herself is the Brahman.

Okay.

We have thus far identified Lakshmi Devi, who is an aspect of Devi, with Light. (All the links to the previous posts on this topic are at the bottom of this page. Please read them before debating.)

And we have learnt from physics, that Light is the fastest of all. We can’t catch up with light.

Light is made up of massless particles called photons. The moment a photon is created, it quickly accelerates to c = 3*10^8 m/s

Nothing can go faster than a massless particle in vaccuum!! 

And thus Lakshmi Devi, Light,  who “is never still in one place”, is the fastest one in the Universe., and also the ‘lightest’! Only “he who is everywhere”, Vishnu, can be her darling, Lakshmikantha.

Of course, by “tat”,  the Isa Upanishad refers to the Atman, the Brahman, which is Sarva Chaitanya or Devi as per Sankaracharya (Tat Tvam Asi) and as per Devi Bhagavatham.

And we have previously considered that the bio-chemical-electrical activity of the brain which we understand as consciousness or Chaitanya is also an aspect of the Devi. But these nerve signals are not as fast as sound or light. The fastest recorded wind speed is 113 m/s and the fastest nerve signal is 120 m/s, so Chaitanya is certainly faster than Vayu Deva, though not by very much. :)

Common Sense is a poor guide in the domains of the very fast and the very small.

For many thousands of years, humans have studied the rules that govern objects and activities on our scale.

Then we discovered that all the rules we framed are not highly accurate or highly truthful but they serve asExcellent Approximations in our scale of things, in our frame of reference.  Things change drastically on other scales, where these approximations and methods are invalid.

  • For an ordinary human being, light is extremely fast, for an astronomer, light just ambles along taking years to reach from the stars to the earth.
  • For a particle physicist, c, the speed of light, is a convenient unit of speed.
  • While astronomers like to use parsecs (3.26 light years) as a unit of distance and we would like to use km, particle physicists use 10^-15m (a femtometer or fermi) as a unit of distance. 1 fermi is about the size of a proton.
  • The time it takes a particle to cross the nucleus is 10^-23s. The typical lifetime of a long lived particle is 10^-10s.
  • C, a coulomb of charge can light a lamp for 1 s. A proton and an electron have 1.6*10^-19 of charge.
  • The unit for mass is kg and energy is Joule at our scale.
  • Because of the mass-energy equivalence, we use the same units for mass and energy when talking about particles, the electron volt. 1 eV = 1.6*10^-19 J. So when we say that the mass of a proton is 1 GeV or the mass of an electron is half a MeV., we know that we are talking about the equivalent mass of that much energy.
  • The spin force or spin of an electron is about 10^-34kgm^2/s.

We need not only different units of measurement, but different methods of measurement at such tiny scales. And there are limitations on such methods, which lead us to all sorts of new rules., which we shall look at over time.

Reference for the Quantum concepts above : The Quantum World : Kenneth W. Ford

Authorship and Copyright Notice : All Rights Reserved : Satya Sarada Kandula

from : http://ancientindians.wordpress.com/2011/07/28/time-dreams-precognition-cognition-memory-a-rambling-post/

All of us are clear that the past really happened because we remember it. But you only have to ask two people about a given event to get very different accounts.

Sometimes because

  • they don’t want to “admit the truth”
  • they actually experience the event differently from different vantage points
  • they use different words to represent the same experience of a given event.

What has happened is at least as much in your head as it is out there in the past.

No one is clear about “what happens next” and a lot of us are anxious about it. Am I going to get what I desire, lose what I like – eg my life, my mind, my love, my health, my wealth, my reputation? As a result a lot of brain activity is centered around what is going to happen and what we can do to influence what happens. Since most human problems are similar many human dreams and nightmares are similar.

My Veda Guru, is pretty relaxed about most things because she is pretty certain that everything is predecided at birth and we just play out our roles, learning what God plans to teach us in this life and then passing his tests.

Everyone else that I know personally, including myself, is egoistic – they accept doer-ship and spend a lot of time wondering what they should do.

They seek the advice of elders and well wishers on what course of action they should take, they consult astrologers on whether it is a good time to do what they are planning to do, they seek the help of God to succeed in their endeavours and then they embark on their ventures.

A few people also pay attention to their dreams.

There are the frightening nightmares that accompany low blood sugar and  anxiety and the rosy dreams of wish fulfilment. We dismiss most of these as just a dream.

Then there are the brilliant idea dreams of music and electronics designs and solutions to all of humanity’s problems, which are so silly on waking up.

Amidst all this incessant brain activity, we get a few dreams that actually “happen later” or are “meaningful even on waking”. Sometimes these also occur like “visions” or “ideas” in meditation. Sometimes they occur like Deja Vu. Sometimes you just know what people are going to do or say next. You have a flash about what they are thinking.  You know about their past just taking a look at them. You “know”!

Knowing, understanding, recognising is about Cognition. Doing this before something happens is pre-cognition.

While most humans have rather bad memories, almost everyone has no pre-cognition at all. I wonder whether the spiritual practice that helps you see the future, kind of helps you forget the past. And whether the ability to see “into” people, goes with losing your ability to handle them or deal with them at the usual layer.

On the whole my dreams have guided and helped me. They have given me hints of diagnoses before the doctors figured it out, they have told me what would happen next if I went down one of two alternate paths, and showed me how things would get better when they looked like they were going bad. They also showed me what my life would be like, and what I could not change. I rely on my dreams to help me make major decisions.

I have read books on dream interpretations and sought the help of people who said they understood dreams. And I have used them to understand myself and improve myself and my life.

Clearly I believe that future ‘certainly’ and the past ‘probably’ can be changed. I think it’s like you can choose which path-of-time you can go down, just as much as you can choose which turning you will take on a road. And clearly I believe that you can discuss with divinity (through prayer) what you desire and fear and them make a dRDha sankalpa (firm will) that this is the path you will take.

A few dreams I want to share, you might have use for them :

  • In a recent dream Sri Shirdi Sai Baba appeared and gave me a message. While I revere him when I visit his temples, I am not an ardent devotee the way for example Radhika, my student is. He was telling me that all action and decision is only from paramAtma. When I wasn’t getting it, he showed me a sanskrit text that said, “viSNuh eva Is’varah”, Vishnu alone is Is’vara (the Lord), and the dream ended. I thought it was important that I write this dream down. I have never read any of this Baba’s books and know about him only in an ambient sort of way.
  • Another one is a rather old one. It showed me enter a place, take a left turn, six times to enter terrible hellish experiences which dissolved only when I chanted the name of SriRama श्री रामand the seventh time, I turned right and there was Rama seated on a small dias with lamps around him and a few people sitting peacefully around me. I found a place to sit at the back of the well-lit room and there I was happy for eternity. The dream ended there!

Agni is so important to us that when Veda Vyasa वेद व्यास organised the Veda Mantras into RgYajurSama andAtharva, he put the Mantras of Agni first!  (While chronologically mantras of the Atharva Veda are first, when Vyasa classified the mantras, he put the mantras useful for japa, ie, the Rk mantras into the Rg Veda, the first among the Vedas, not for chronology but for importance in spiritual sadhana. (Practice).)

What is Agni?

In most modern Indian languages, the word Agni or its variants mean fire.

What is fire?

Fire is a chemical reaction. Chemical reactions take place by electrons belonging to atoms re-arranging themselves. If an electron moves from a sodium atom to a chlorine atom, then the sodium atom becomes a  positively charged ion and the chlorine tom becomes a negatively charged ion. Then these ions are held together by electrical forces and give us the sodium chloride we love as salt. There are many, many kinds of chemical reactions and ways in which atoms bond to make new compounds.

What we call fire, is a chemical reaction that involves oxygen. As an example take a piece of wood that has carbon and hydrogen in it. Add energy to it in the form of heat. At some point the hydrocarbons break up. Then oxygen reacts with carbon to form carbon dioxide and with hydrogen to form water vapour. But where does the “fire” – the heat and light come from? The heated up carbon (and other) atoms rising in the air start throwing off (radiating) electromagnetic  energy. Lower frequencies of EM energy are heat and  higher frequencies EM energy are light.  Neils Bohr said that when electrons in atoms, change their energy states, electromagnetic energy is emitted or absorbed.

What is jaTara Agni?

Jataraagni is our digestive “fire”, the chemical reactions that digest our food. Krishna tells us in the Bhagavad Gita, that He becomes the vais’vAnara (universal person), enters the bodies of living things and digests the food. This does not look like a bonfire!

There is also, a legend of Agni hiding in the ocean waters, which we shall come back to at a later point in time.

Agni is associated with the movement of electrons.

As a chemical reaction in fire and digestion, as stream of moving electrons in electricity.

When electrons “jump” the “right” energy states  photons can be emitted.

Sri Suktham : telling Agni to bring Sri!

In Sri Suktham, we tell Agni, the one born of Vedas (jAtavEda) to bring Lakshmi! (lakshmIm jAtavedO ma Avaha)

We have previously understood Lakshmi as light. (See links at the bottom of this page).

Now, we tell fire to go bring us light.

We tell the electrons to release photons!!

Of course, when we chant this mantram, as a Rg Vedic Mantram for japa, the light we seek is the light of illumination, when we chant this as a yajur mantram along with the araNi sticks and different Vedic Swaras we also want a physical fire to start up.

Today we light a match without any invocation and a fire starts up, or we press a switch and an electron current flows. So we don’t treat these events as sacred. We don’t see the need to entreat a match to light up, out techniques are more perfected.

But my great grandmother did and my Veda Guru does treat the switching on of a lamp or the lighting of a cooking fire as very sacred things. And there is an additional illumination that was/is reflected in their faces and eyes., because they view(ed) energy as divine, sacred and something worthy of respect!

Light of course is what it is. The trouble is with humans. In the case of light – it is Physicists.

To illustrate : Let us take Vasantji for example. He has called me a guru, rishi, a spiritual scholar and so on. One of my work friends called me a “kasaiee” meaning butcher, about 20 years ago when I was actually quite a nice person in my own eyes. And recently some one wrote in their blog that, though my work was something of an oversimplification, it was at least unbiased and without an agenda. All these nice people are performing an action called stereotyping. They are trying to put me in a box, so that they can deal with me, manage me and predict me. Of course one of my managers said that I was unmanageable and unpredictable, by which he was saying that I did not belong in any box that he had previously found useful. Finally everyone told me from my childhood upwards that I was “different”.

Images from Spitzer Space Telescope

Spitzer Space Telescope Images : Photo Credit: NASA/JPL-Caltech

Physicists like to understand light. They like to model it with mathematical equations. They like to predict how it will be have in different situations. Engineers like to use this information and bend light to their will. For eg in a fiber optic cable.

When physicists first started to understand light, they did some experiments and tried to observe what it did.

They listed all its properties.

Some properties qualified Light for the Wave Stereotype box.

Some properties qualified it for the Particle Stereotype box.

Finally they said that light is produced and absorbed as if it were a particle (ie that particle mathematical model works) and it travels as if it were a wave. (ie that wave mathematical model works).

Then they tried to write longer equations taking more things into account to see if they could use one mathematical model which would describe the behaviour of light under all conditions.

That would be like saying that Satya is a nice enough person when she writes but if you meet her in person she is likely to bite your head off! Humans sit around in groups and gossip about other people, model and stereotype them. If housewives do this this called gossip. If corporate men do it it is called networking and ‘grapevine’ing. When Physicists do it about light it is called a conference. :)

What I am trying to say is that Light is Light and has been so before there were humans around to observe it and model it. We are the ones who initially evolved two different kinds of models and were astonished when Light does not fit the one or the other under all situations!

I have said that Light is an aspect of Sakthi Devi and that she is called Lakshmi, in the Vedas – Sri Suktham.

However many people worship Lakshmi Devi to get money (Dhana). No less a persona than Indra  called Lakshmi as Mahamaya  (the great illusion), Mahasakti (the great power/energy) and Jagan Mata (the mother of the world). People also worship for Siddhi, Buddhi, Bhukthi, Mukthi, Vijaya, Dhana, Dhanya for courage, illumination, metal stability, peace of mind and so on.

I am a firm believer that even thinking of Devi will make problems of every kind vanish and bring every form of prosperity.

This puzzles people too. They are surprised that someone who understands and trusts science can believe that praying to Devi will help. They see it as manas-s’anti.. not as reality. I am certain that Physicists have a far better understanding of light than I do and I look to their continued research for continued guidance. And I try my best to understand them.

My own personal, subjective experience shows me that prayer works wonders. I respect the different Rishis and try to understand what they understood and taught. I think they had a far better idea on these matters than myself.

I understand Devi can be Lalita, Saraswathi, Lakshmi, Durga, Parvati, Tripura Sundari, Kunda, Satya, Radha, Sarada, Ganga, Godavari, Narmada.. as well as Kaalika, Nidra, Krodhaa… and Chandi. And that in all of her aspects, she looks after us. I may have a particular love for Saraswathi and you for Durga, depending on our own natures.

I understand that though Lalita and Kaalika are so different, they are descriptions of the same Devi. Much has to do with the observer and the circumstances of the observation.

Authorship and Copyright Notice : All Rights Reserved : Satya Sarada Kandula


The problem is that things interact without touching! How do two magnets “feel” each other’s presence and attract or repel accordingly? How does the sun attract the earth? We know the answers to these questions are “magnetism” and “gravity,” but what are these forces? At a fundamental level, a force isn’t just something that happens to particles. It is a thing which is passed between two particles. : http://particleadventure.org /interact.html

Suppose you try shaking someone’s hand. You feel it. Right? As opposed to waving at them from a distance?

But reality depends on the layer you are looking at.

On our scale, if we touch hot things we can burn and we can scrape or skin on rough surfaces.

But if we go way past the cellular level to the atomic level, then there appearsto be no such thing as touching at allIn the universe as we experience it, we can directly affect only objects we can touch; thus, the world seems local.

” The effect of one object on another is due to an electromagnetic force producing an action at a distance. As the two objects involved get closer together even down to molecular levels the force gets bigger.” 

The entire universe is in a sense ‘untouched’ and ‘untouchable’.

If I try to shake your hand, the atoms in my hand repel the atoms in yours and won’t let them “pass through”. This electromagnetic repulsion is what we experience as touching.

Pushing, Colliding and all related effects are actually electromagnetic repulsive forces at work.

“At a fundamental level, a force isn’t just something that happens to particles. It is a thing which is passed between two particles. Particle physicists have found that we can explain the force of one particle acting on another to INCREDIBLE precision by the exchange of these force carrier particles. One important thing to know about force carriers is that a particular force carrier particle can only be absorbed or produced by a matter particle which is affected by that particular force. For instance, electrons and protons have electric charge, so they can produce and absorb the electromagnetic force carrier, the photon. Neutrinos, on the other hand, have no electric charge, so they cannot absorb or produce photons. The carrier particle of the electromagnetic force is the photon ().  Photons of different energies span the electromagnetic spectrum of x rays, visible light, radio waves, and so forth.

Life is just a neat example of electromagnetic force! ” (http://particleadventure.org). 

And thus we are back with Lakshmi Devi. Holding the Universe together.


Atoms usually have the same numbers of protons and electrons. They are electrically neutral, therefore, because the positive protons cancel out the negative electrons. Since they are neutral, what causes them to stick together to form stable molecules? The answer is a bit strange: we’ve discovered that the charged parts of one atom can interact with the charged parts of another atom. This allows different atoms to bind together, an effect called the residual electromagnetic force. So the electromagnetic force is what allows atoms to bond and form molecules, allowing the world to stay together and create the matter you interact with all of the time. Amazing, isn’t it? All the structures of the world exist simply because protons and electrons have opposite charges! : http://particleadventure.org/residual_m.html

Authorship and Copyright Notice : All Rights Reserved : Satya Sarada Kandula 

When we want to look at something we usually “throw  a little  light on it”… ie we hit it with photons.

When you hit a TV or a book with photons, it absorbs a few and reflects a few and that gives you a clue about the TV or the book. Then you can go and pick up the book for example.

Electrons are tiny little critters. You hit an electron with a photon and it might absorb the photon. Its energy state will change. Its like hitting  a candle with a ball.. something like that. Comparable energies and sizes and so on.

So its not magic. Just size.

Ever run a project where you had to generate so many reports that the very act of monitoring made you risk your deadline?

If you want to observe an electron and “leave it standing” you have to think of something other way!

How big is an electron?

According to one estimate, the size of an electron is : 2.82 x 10-13 cm and It’s mass is about 9.10938215(45)×10−31 kg See : http://www.dimensionsguide.com/what-is-the-size-of-an-electron/

But how big is a photon?

“…….of the physical dimensions of a photon. On that topic, I must say that since the photon consists of changing energy fields, the photon encompasses that volume of space in which those energy fields have significant effect.

Thus, if a photon from a radio wave passes close enough to a receiving antenna, it will transfer its energy to the antenna, giving rise to an electrical signal even as the photon itself ceases to exist. The “size” of the photon is that volume of space within which this phenomenon can occur.

The higher the frequency of the photon, the higher its energy level. Therefore, such photons will have a correspondingly larger field of influence than their lower-energy counterparts…..” (Source :http://www.play-hookey.com/optics/photon_characteristics.html)

“In the wave idea of light, colour is determined by the rate at which the wave wiggles; a rapid, energetic wiggle for blue and a more leisurely wiggle for red. You can measure the distance that the light travels for each wiggle, and this is the ‘wavelength’ – it appears to be less than a thousandth of a millimetre for light….

The apparent length (in the direction of movement) of a moving object gets smaller as its speed approaches the speed of light… Since a photon travels always at the speed of light then it will always appear to have no length at all. This is, of course, whilst it is on the move…

We cannot know its size or shape. The appearance of light itself turns out to be a real secret; we cannot see that which we use to see everything else” (Source  : http://www.oxygraphics.co.uk/photons.htm)

Authorship and Copyright Notice : All Rights Reserved : Satya Sarada Kandula.

The good news is that it’s not just light that has a dual particle-wave nature. All particles also have a wave behaviour! So while it’s true that there is no point in “hitting particles with photons”, or “throwing light” on small particles to observe them, you can hit them with tinier particles.

How do you do this? You take a tiny “probing” particle. Accelerate it to such levels that it has high frequency and a really short wavelength. Now hit the target particle with it. Now observe! (Reference

A particle accelerator at home is your  TV or Computer Monitor. (CRT not LCD).

Authorship and Copyright Notice : All Rights Reserved : Satya Sarada Kandula

Introduction to Accelerators at CERN web-site.

“The Large Hadron Collider (LHC) is a gigantic scientific instrument near Geneva, where it spans the border between Switzerland and France about 100 m underground. It is a particle accelerator used by physicists to study the smallest known particles.

Two beams of subatomic particles called ‘hadrons’ – either protons or lead ions – will travel in opposite directions inside the circular accelerator, gaining energy with every lap. Physicists will use the LHC to recreate the conditions just after the Big Bang, by colliding the two beams head-on at very high energy. For decades, the Standard Model of particle physics has served physicists well as a means of understanding the fundamental laws of Nature, but it does not tell the whole story.” Source

CERN has used this LHC to measure the weight of anti-matter. Nose around the CER web-site and see if you find anything of interest to you.

from : https://ancientindians.wordpress.com/2011/08/02/particles-the-standard-model-strong-and-weak-forces-what-holds-the-nucleus-together-particles-changing-into-other-particles-kamarupadhari-particles/


Each group consists of six particles, which are related in pairs, or ‘generations’. The lightest and most stable particles make up the first generation, whereas the heavier and less stable particles belong to the second and third generations. All stable matter in the Universe is made from particles that belong to the first generation; any heavier particles quickly decay to the next most stable level.

“The Standard Model answers many of the questions about the structure and stability of matter with its six types of quarks, six types of leptons, and four forces. But the Standard Model is not complete; there are still many unanswered questions.

Why do we observe matter and almost no antimatter if we believe there is a symmetry between the two in the universe? What is this “dark matter” that we can’t see that has visible gravitational effects in the cosmos? Why can’t the Standard Model predict a particle’s mass? Are quarks and leptons actually fundamental, or made up of even more fundamental particles?” Source

There are four kinds of interactions between particles : Gravity, Electromagnetic, Strong and Weak.

force is the effect on a particle due to the presence of other particles. The interactions of a particle include all the forces that affect it, but also include decays and annihilations that the particle might go through. Sometimes the words are used interchangeably, though that is not very accurate. We have discussed electromagnetic carriers (photons) already a bit and the standard model does not handle gravity well, so let us look at strong and weak forces.

To understand strong forces, we have to understand quarks.

Quarks have a kind of charge called color charge that has nothing to do with color. This is in addition to their electromagnetic charge.

While protons and electrons have electric charges of magnitude “1″. Quarks have electric charges of magnitude 2/3 and -1/3.

Quarks always exist in composite particles with a net integer electric charge and a net zero colour charge. These composite particles are called Hadrons.

A proton is such a composite particle. It is made of 2 quarks of 2/3 electric charge and one quark of charge -1/3.

A neutron is made of 2 quarks of -1/3 electric charge and one quark of charge 2/3.

Since protons (uud) and neutrons (udd) have three quarks each they are called the “baryon” type of hadrons.

Gluons (a kind of bosons) are the Strong-Force carrier particles.

“Three of the fundamental forces result from the exchange of force carrier particles, which belong to a broader group called ‘bosons’. Matter particles transfer discrete amounts of energy by exchanging bosons with each other. Each fundamental force has its own corresponding boson particle – the strong force is carried by the ‘gluon’, the electromagnetic force is carried by the ‘photon’, and the ‘W and Z bosons’ are responsible for the weak force. Although not yet found, the ‘graviton’ should be the corresponding force-carrying particle of gravity.” (Source)

Quarks carry colour charge, anti-quarks carry anti colour charge and gluons carry colour as well as anti-colour charge. Colour Charge is conserved in interactions  just as anti-colour charge. Colour charged particles cannot be found individually.

“The quarks in a given hadron madly exchange gluons. This is what “keeps the quark together”. If you separate colour charged particles they tend to snap back together or the bond will break! The strong force between the quarks in one proton and the quarks in another proton is strong enough to overwhelm the repulsive electromagnetic force.  This is called the residual strong interaction, and it is what “glues” the nucleus together.” (Source)

Weak interactions are responsible for the decay of massive quarks and leptons into lighter quarks and leptons. (Third and second generation into first generation particles.)
An electron is an electrically negatively charged first generation stable least-massive lepton that is found abundantly in nature.
When fundamental particles decay, it is very strange: we observe the particle vanishing and being replaced by two or more different particles. Although the total of mass and energy is conserved, some of the original particle’s mass is converted into kinetic energy, and the resulting particles always have less mass than the original particle that decayed.

The only matter around us that is stable is made up of the smallest quarks and leptons, which cannot decay any further.

When a quark or lepton changes type (a muon changing to an electron, for instance) it is said to change flavor. All flavor changes are due to the weak interaction.

The carrier particles of the weak interactions are the W+, W-, and the Z particles. The W’s are electrically charged and the Z is neutral.” (Source)

“The strength of the interaction depends strongly on both the mass of the force carrier and the distance of the interaction in both electromagnetic and weak interactions. The difference between their observed strengths is due to the huge difference in mass between the W and Z particles, which are very massive, and the photon, which has no mass as far as we know. So these forces are together called electroweak forces” (Source)
With this little foray into photons and other particles., let us turn back to gravity, relativity and space-time again for some time.
Authorship and Copyright Notice : All Rights Reserved : Satya Sarada Kandula : All rights for sourced material vests with the source.

from : https://ancientindians.wordpress.com/2011/08/02/why-should-the-speed-of-light-be-same-in-all-frames-of-reference/

c^2 = permeability of free space*permittivity of free space.
As per Maxwell’s electromagnetic equations.
If speed of light varied from one inertial frame of reference to another, then physics would be different in every plane, car, planet and so on.
Of course Michelson and Morley also proved this experimentally.
Once we get this in our heads, we are getting ready for the theories of relativity.

Lakhmi, anupagAminI, whose movement is incomparable, light, moves equally fast in your frame of reference and mine. She is not partial to you or me.

Atoms are held together by the electromagnetic force carriers ie photons. The universe is held together by threads of light, by Lakshmi Mata!

from : http://ancientindians.wordpress.com/2012/02/03/time-direction-of-traveller/

Imagine a train called Time that is ferrying you along a line/cycle/pretzel/. . .

Some passengers sit facing the engine.
Some passengers sit with their back to the direction of travel.

Those facing the ‘future’ or facing forward have an inkling of what the view is going to be like. Rishis?

Those facing backwards can see what is past but not what is yet to come! Most people.

Thus pre-cognition and memory are just two sides of the same thing.

You can have the one or the other at a time.

(I keep imagining a side ways sitting person with eyes everywhere and a brain equipped to process the information. That is why all anologies are limited.)

Author : Satya Sarada Kandula : All Rights Reserved

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Kurma Puranam : Chapter 2 : Vishnu explains why Lakshmi Devi is to be worshipped.

A link to posts on Kurma Puranam and Kurma Avataram on this site :  Kurma Puranam,  Indradyumna.

At the end of the first chapter, we learned that bhagwAn viSNu, in the form of a kUrma, that savior of the people, that dEva who had gone to rasAtala , when questioned by nArada and other rishis, spoke the entire, excellent kUrma purANam.

Chapter 2.

s’rI kUrma said,

“I am nArAyaNa dEva. There was no one beyond me in the past. After my vipula nidrA, extensive sleep, as I lay contemplating creation, I felt an excessive joy and the four-faced Brahma, the grandfather of the world came to be. Then I felt angry and mahEs’wara rudra dEva, with a s’Ula in his hand and three eyes, with the brilliance of the sun, looking like he could burn up the three worlds in anger, came into being.

Then the lotus eyed s’rI dEvI came into being. Of beautiful form and face, who fascinates all embodied ones, with a pure smile, well-pleased, auspicious, full of greatness-es (miracles), full of divine radiance, shining with divine garlands,nArAyaNi, mahAmAyA, mUlaprakRti, the unchanging one.

Filling the world with her brilliance, She came and sat next to me. Then BhagwAn brahmA, the lord of the world said, “Maadhava! Please engage this lovely lady in fascinating all the beings, by which my entire creation will grow!”.

Then I smilingly said to dEvI, “By my order, please fascinate the entire universe along with all the mAnuSAs , devAs and asurAs and make them fall into samsAra (worldly ways)!

‘But please exclude the following.

‘Those engaged in gnyAnayOga, those dedicated to the brahman, the truthful, the un-angered,those studying the vEdAs, vEdAnta, vignyAna, destroying all their doubts, those  performing great yagnyAs, brahmins, those who meditate, who are peaceful, who are dhArmik, and those who seek support of the vEdAs. Please make an effort to leave unfascinated – Those who worship dEva dEva maheS’wara with japa or hOma, self-study, yagnya (worshipful action), bhakti yOga, who have dedicated their minds to Is’vara, who love prAnAyAma etc, who are pure.

‘Those whose minds are interested in praNava, rudrajapa, those who know dharma, those who know the atharva vEda – please exclude them.

‘Those who protect/practice their svadharma, those who are engaged in adoring Is’vara please leave alone by my order.”

Thus was the darling of Hari sent forward by Me.

She did as I said.  She gives plenty of welfare, prosperity, brilliance, strength and fame when worshiped. This is why Lakshmi, the wife of the bhagwAn must be worshipped well.

s’rI paramAtmanE namah! harih um!

As the author of this piece, I give you permission to reproduce this on any media. However the Sanskrit-Hindi images are from gita press and are sourced from the links given. All Rights for those images vest with them.

Satya Sarada Kandula

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Devi : Navarathri : Saraswathi Puja on Saptami (Seventh day of dasara)

The Andhra Smartha tradition follows tithis and the Sri Vaishnava tradition follows nakshatras for festivals, like tamilians.

So while we perform saraswati puja on saptami (today), they would perform it on Moola Nakshatram which is tomorrow, according to my calendar.

One each day of the Devi Navaratris – Aswiyuja Suddha Padyami to Vijaya Dasami, a different form of the devi is worshipped in Andhra.

I found this blog which tells you what prasadam to make on each day : http://plantainleaf.blogspot.com/2009/09/seventh-day-of-navaratri-maha-saraswati.html and which form of devi to worship in each day.

Here are some pictures of which Devi is to be worshipped on which day!

SWARNA KAVACHALANKRUTA KANAKA DURGA DEVI on pADyami (pratipada – the first day)

BALATRIPURA SUNDARI on vidiya (dvitiya), the second day.

GAYATRI DEVI on tadiya, trutiya,  the third day

 ANNAPURNA DEVI on caviti, chaturthi, the fourth day

 LALITA TRIPURA SUNDARI on panchami, fifth day

MAHALAKSHMI DEVI on shashthi, the sixth day

 SARASWATI DEVI on saptami, the seventh day

DURGA DEVI on ashtami, eighth day

 MAHISHASURA MARDINI on mahanavani, ninth day (aayudha puja day)

(Actually in our house we worship all the three devis, Lakshmi, Saraswathi and Durga on this day, but the mahiSAsura mardini worship on this day at the temple, explains my powerful urge to squash injustice, this being my birthday, it must be the cause of my fierceness!)

http://www.durgamma.com/SRI_MAHISHASURA_MARDHINI_DEVI.aspx

SRI RAJARAJESWARI DEVI on Vijaya Dasimi,  the tenth day

Authorship and Copyright Notice : All Rights Reserved : Satya Sarada Kandula : All Rights for Sourced MAterial Vest with the Source

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Kurma Puranam : 2 : Who is She?

A link to posts on Kurma Puranam and Kurma Avataram on this site : Kurma Puranam

Romaharshana continued :

Then, janArdana dEva, bore the mandara in the form of a kUrma (turtle) with a desire to do good to the devas.

Then the Devas along with nArada and other mahaRSis, praised viSNu dEva, having seen that indestructible God, the witness of all, take the form of a kUrma.

Then happened there (abhavat), the beloved of nArayaNa, dEvI and that best puruSa, the dispenser of fortune, the omni-present one grasped (jagrAha) her.

Then Narada and the maharshis, along with s’akra (Indra (Hero, God, Astronomical Point, War Strategist)), fascinated by the brilliance (tejas) of s’RI, addressed the undifferentiated, omni-present one – Vishnu.

“Oh bhagawan, the master of the god of the gods, the one who contains all the worlds, Narayana! who is this Devi, of large (beautiful, lustrous) eyes, please tell us as it is!”

Having heard their speech, Vishnu, the crusher of the dAnavAs, looked at dEvI, and said to Narada and the other pure ones.

“O, the best among the twice born, it is through her only that I fascinate, take in (grasAmi) and throw out,  the the entire moving world with devas (luminaries), Asuras (the mighty) and men.

Generation, dissolution (pralaya) and the coming and going of all beings, those who see all this and understand their self, they cross this bridge (to Me).

The twice born, BrahmaSiva and the Devas, become powerful, with this s’akti (devi) of mine! She is the thread that binds the entire moving world (jagat), that which impends all to action (prakRti) , whose self is the three gunAs (forces, ropes – satva, rajas and tamas).

Before itself in s’rI kalpa, She was padmavAsinI and from Me did She orginate.

(A Kalpa is 12 hours of Brahma. 2 kalpas make a day and a night of Brahma. He lives for 100 years on this time scale. 1 Brahma second = 1 Human Year! . In Kurma Puranam, Vishnu says that he fashioned the universe out his sakthi (energy) Mahamaya. Physics Nobel prize winner, 74 yr old Brian Josephson says that there was an intelligence that knew how to manipulate and make things out of energy, the way we know how to make things out of materials today.)

Four shouldered, bearing a conch, a wheel and a padma (lotus), covered by auspiciousness, as bright as a crore suns, the one who fascinates all the embodied ones.

Not just the devas, the fathers, men and Vasus, there are no embodied ones who can cross Her, this mAya (illusion) in this world (bhuvi!)

Must Read : Lakshmi Devi (to understand the physics, as well as the philosophy and the tradition).

Also : And that dispenser of fortunes, (bhagavAn), who is always endowed with the six attributes of gnyAna (knowledge), ais’warya (wealth and prosperity),  s’akti (competence), bala (strength), vIrya (valour), tEjah (brilliance), who is without birth (aja), who is unchanging, who is the Is’vara (the master according to whose will the world acts), whose own nature (svabhAva) is eternally pure, knowledgeable and free, having taken under his control (vas’IkRtya), his mAya (illusion), the mUla prakRti (the primordial force), vaiSNavI, whose self is the three guNAs, by his own mAya was born as if he was one with a body, with an intention to grace the world. (Sankara’s Gita Bhasyam)

Authorship and Copyright Notice : All Rights Reserved : Satya Sarada Kandula

Calendars and Time in India

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Why should the speed of light be same in all non accelerating frames of reference?

c^2 = permeability of free space*permittivity of free space.
As per Maxwell’s electromagnetic equations.
If speed of light varied from one inertial frame of reference to another, then physics would be different in every plane, car, planet and so on.
Of course Michelson and Morley also proved this experimentally.
Once we get this in our heads, we are getting ready for the theories of relativity.

Lakhmi, anupagAminI, whose movement is incomparable, light, moves equally fast in your frame of reference and mine. She is not partial to you or me.

Atoms are held together by the electromagnetic force carriers ie photons. The universe is held together by threads of light, by Lakshmi Mata!

Time

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Light : Stereotypes : Wave, Particle Duality (Dvaita) : Lakshmi Devi and Me

Light of course is what it is. The trouble is with humans. In the case of light – it is Physicists.

To illustrate : Let us take Vasantji for example. He has called me a guru, rishi, a spiritual scholar and so on. One of my work friends called me a “kasaiee” meaning butcher, about 20 years ago when I was actually quite a nice person in my own eyes. And recently some one wrote in their blog that, though my work was something of an oversimplification, it was at least unbiased and without an agenda. All these nice people are performing an action called stereotyping. They are trying to put me in a box, so that they can deal with me, manage me and predict me. Of course one of my managers said that I was unmanageable and unpredictable, by which he was saying that I did not belong in any box that he had previously found useful. Finally everyone told me from my childhood upwards that I was “different”.

Images from Spitzer Space Telescope

Spitzer Space Telescope Images : Photo Credit: NASA/JPL-Caltech

Physicists like to understand light. They like to model it with mathematical equations. They like to predict how it will be have in different situations. Engineers like to use this information and bend light to their will. For eg in a fiber optic cable.

When physicists first started to understand light, they did some experiments and tried to observe what it did.

They listed all its properties.

Some properties qualified Light for the Wave Stereotype box.

Some properties qualified it for the Particle Stereotype box.

Finally they said that light is produced and absorbed as if it were a particle (ie that particle mathematical model works) and it travels as if it were a wave. (ie that wave mathematical model works).

Then they tried to write longer equations taking more things into account to see if they could use one mathematical model which would describe the behaviour of light under all conditions.

That would be like saying that Satya is a nice enough person when she writes but if you meet her in person she is likely to bite your head off! Humans sit around in groups and gossip about other people, model and stereotype them. If housewives do this this called gossip. If corporate men do it it is called networking and ‘grapevine’ing. When Physicists do it about light it is called a conference. :)

What I am trying to say is that Light is Light and has been so before there were humans around to observe it and model it. We are the ones who initially evolved two different kinds of models and were astonished when Light does not fit the one or the other under all situations!

I have said that Light is an aspect of Sakthi Devi and that she is called Lakshmi, in the VedasSri Suktham.

However many people worship Lakshmi Devi to get money (Dhana). No less a persona than Indra  called Lakshmi as Mahamaya  (the great illusion), Mahasakti (the great power/energy) and Jagan Mata (the mother of the world). People also worship for Siddhi, Buddhi, Bhukthi, Mukthi, Vijaya, Dhana, Dhanya for courage, illumination, metal stability, peace of mind and so on.

I am a firm believer that even thinking of Devi will make problems of every kind vanish and bring every form of prosperity.

This puzzles people too. They are surprised that someone who understands and trusts science can believe that praying to Devi will help. They see it as manas-s’anti.. not as reality. I am certain that Physicists have a far better understanding of light than I do and I look to their continued research for continued guidance. And I try my best to understand them.

My own personal, subjective experience shows me that prayer works wonders. I respect the different Rishis and try to understand what they understood and taught. I think they had a far better idea on these matters than myself.

I understand Devi can be Lalita, Saraswathi, Lakshmi, Durga, Parvati, Tripura Sundari, Kunda, Satya, Radha, Sarada, Ganga, Godavari, Narmada.. as well as Kaalika, Nidra, Krodhaa… and Chandi. And that in all of her aspects, she looks after us. I may have a particular love for Saraswathi and you for Durga, depending on our own natures.

I understand that though Lalita and Kaalika are so different, they are descriptions of the same Devi. Much has to do with the observer and the circumstances of the observation.

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Fire : A chemical reaction : Change in Electron Energy States : Emission of Photons : Lakshmi : Sri Suktham

Agni is so important to us that when Veda Vyasa वेद व्यास organised the Veda Mantras into Rg, Yajur, Sama and Atharva, he put the Mantras of Agni first!  (While chronologically mantras of the Atharva Veda are first, when Vyasa classified the mantras, he put the mantras useful for japa, ie, the Rk mantras into the Rg Veda, the first among the Vedas, not for chronology but for importance in spiritual sadhana. (Practice).)

What is Agni?

In most modern Indian languages, the word Agni or its variants mean fire.

What is fire?

Fire is a chemical reaction. Chemical reactions take place by electrons belonging to atoms re-arranging themselves. If an electron moves from a sodium atom to a chlorine atom, then the sodium atom becomes a  positively charged ion and the chlorine tom becomes a negatively charged ion. Then these ions are held together by electrical forces and give us the sodium chloride we love as salt. There are many, many kinds of chemical reactions and ways in which atoms bond to make new compounds.

What we call fire, is a chemical reaction that involves oxygen. As an example take a piece of wood that has carbon and hydrogen in it. Add energy to it in the form of heat. At some point the hydrocarbons break up. Then oxygen reacts with carbon to form carbon dioxide and with hydrogen to form water vapour. But where does the “fire” – the heat and light come from? The heated up carbon (and other) atoms rising in the air start throwing off (radiating) electromagnetic  energy. Lower frequencies of EM energy are heat and  higher frequencies EM energy are light.  Neils Bohr said that when electrons in atoms, change their energy states, electromagnetic energy is emitted or absorbed.

What is jaTara Agni?

Jataraagni is our digestive “fire”, the chemical reactions that digest our food. Krishna tells us in the Bhagavad Gita, that He becomes the vais’vAnara (universal person), enters the bodies of living things and digests the food. This does not look like a bonfire!

There is also, a legend of Agni hiding in the ocean waters, which we shall come back to at a later point in time.

Agni is associated with the movement of electrons.

As a chemical reaction in fire and digestion, as stream of moving electrons in electricity.

When electrons “jump” the “right” energy states  photons can be emitted.

Sri Suktham : telling Agni to bring Sri!

In Sri Suktham, we tell Agni, the one born of Vedas (jAtavEda) to bring Lakshmi! (lakshmIm jAtavedO ma Avaha)

We have previously understood Lakshmi as light. (See links at the bottom of this page).

Now, we tell fire to go bring us light.

We tell the electrons to release photons!!

Of course, when we chant this mantram, as a Rg Vedic Mantram for japa, the light we seek is the light of illumination, when we chant this as a yajur mantram along with the araNi sticks and different Vedic Swaras we also want a physical fire to start up.

Today we light a match without any invocation and a fire starts up, or we press a switch and an electron current flows. So we don’t treat these events as sacred. We don’t see the need to entreat a match to light up, out techniques are more perfected.

But my great grandmother did and my Veda Guru does treat the switching on of a lamp or the lighting of a cooking fire as very sacred things. And there is an additional illumination that was/is reflected in their faces and eyes., because they view(ed) energy as divine, sacred and something worthy of respect!

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Particles : The Very Small (sukshma) and The Very Fast (vega) : Photons : Lakshmi, Devi, Sarva Chaitanya, Atman

Everyone knows that, Hanuman, the son of the wind, vayu deva, is the fastest. Right? Well, the Isa Upanishad, tells us of one so fast that even the Devas could not catch up with That. (na enat devAh aapnuvan pUrvam arSat : Isa Vasya Upanishad). The Kena Upanishad tells us that Uma Haimavati, appeared in the very same place and explained the nature of  “That” Brahman to Indra. Some think of Her as Brahmavidya. The Devi Bhagavatam tells us that She herself is the Brahman.

Okay.

We have thus far identified Lakshmi Devi, who is an aspect of Devi, with Light. (All the links to the previous posts on this topic are at the bottom of this page. Please read them before debating.)

And we have learnt from physics, that Light is the fastest of all. We can’t catch up with light.

Light is made up of massless particles called photons. The moment a photon is created, it quickly accelerates to c = 3*10^8 m/s

Nothing can go faster than a massless particle in vaccuum!! 

And thus Lakshmi Devi, Light,  who “is never still in one place”, is the fastest one in the Universe., and also the ‘lightest’! Only “he who is everywhere”, Vishnu, can be her darling, Lakshmikantha.

Of course, by “tat”,  the Isa Upanishad refers to the Atman, the Brahman, which is Sarva Chaitanya or Devi as per Sankaracharya (Tat Tvam Asi) and as per Devi Bhagavatham.

And we have previously considered that the bio-chemical-electrical activity of the brain which we understand as consciousness or Chaitanya is also an aspect of the Devi. But these nerve signals are not as fast as sound or light. The fastest recorded wind speed is 113 m/s and the fastest nerve signal is 120 m/s, so Chaitanya is certainly faster than Vayu Deva, though not by very much. :)

Common Sense is a poor guide in the domains of the very fast and the very small.

For many thousands of years, humans have studied the rules that govern objects and activities on our scale.

Then we discovered that all the rules we framed are not highly accurate or highly truthful but they serve as Excellent Approximations in our scale of things, in our frame of reference.  Things change drastically on other scales, where these approximations and methods are invalid.

  • For an ordinary human being, light is extremely fast, for an astronomer, light just ambles along taking years to reach from the stars to the earth.
  • For a particle physicist, c, the speed of light, is a convenient unit of speed.
  • While astronomers like to use parsecs (3.26 light years) as a unit of distance and we would like to use km, particle physicists use 10^-15m (a femtometer or fermi) as a unit of distance. 1 fermi is about the size of a proton.
  • The time it takes a particle to cross the nucleus is 10^-23s. The typical lifetime of a long lived particle is 10^-10s.
  • 1 C, a coulomb of charge can light a lamp for 1 s. A proton and an electron have 1.6*10^-19 C of charge.
  • The unit for mass is kg and energy is Joule at our scale.
  • Because of the mass-energy equivalence, we use the same units for mass and energy when talking about particles, the electron volt. 1 eV = 1.6*10^-19 J. So when we say that the mass of a proton is 1 GeV or the mass of an electron is half a MeV., we know that we are talking about the equivalent mass of that much energy.
  • The spin force or spin of an electron is about 10^-34kgm^2/s.

We need not only different units of measurement, but different methods of measurement at such tiny scales. And there are limitations on such methods, which lead us to all sorts of new rules., which we shall look at over time.

Reference for the Quantum concepts above : The Quantum World : Kenneth W. Ford

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Light : Bits of Light Energy (Photons) : suvarna rajata srajaa Lakshmi : mass energy equivalence, sat sakti equivalence, advaita, sat cit ananda

All the pictures of Lakshmi Devi, show gold coins streaming from her hands. The Vedic Sri Suktham, tells us that Lakshmi is she who causes/is a stream (srajaa) of brilliant (rajata) good colour (su-varna) and that she is herself the colour of hiraNya ( gold, deer).

Throw a little visible light or ultraviolet light  on some metals. And observe at what minimum frequencies electrons shoot out and what the energy is of the fastest particle that shoots out at that energy, or read up the experimental results and conjectures of people who have done these experiments.

It appears that that the electrons can receive energy from light only in multiples of   hf , where h is the planck’s constant and f is the frequency of the light that you shine on the metal.

So electromagnetic waves (light) can give energy to matter particles (electrons).

But when electrons get sufficient energy to escape from an atom, they escape and move off with some velocity.

But if there is a change in the velocity  of the electron, its momentum  must change too!

But momentum must be conserved in the universe.

So the momentum (mv) of the incident light must also change?

How can you change the momentum of  something that has no mass?

If the incident light can lose hf  energy, then it can lose some momentum.

If we were as smart as Einstein and lived at his time, we would say, “Hey! It looks like energy has an equivalent mass (m)!”.

Then we would do some maths and balance units on both sides of an equation and do something like this? (Of course FAR MORE RIGOUROUSLY)!

E = hf = 0.5 mvv = 0.5mcc, since the velocity of light in vaccuum is c.

Ah! energy is proportional to m times c-squared.

So the equivalent mass of a bit of light energy is proportional to hf/cc.

(Then people smart enough to do so, would make an atomic fission bomb, and the people who were dumb enough to use it would use it! So I think its best to approach the study of light with reverence and s’raddha).

So mass which is the amount of matter in a thing, can be converted to energy and energy could be converted into mass. And masses have an equivalent energy and energies have equivalent masses.

That is vyakta (differentiated) to avyakta (undifferentiated) and avyakta to vyakta, and the “vyakta – avyakta” equivalence.

A sat – s’akti equivalence. And we did work out previously that cit was a form of s’akti and devi was cit swaroopi. So we have a sat-cit equivalence.

I have never discussed “aum tat sat” in detail before on this web-site., but roughly it means, ‘that’ (brahman) is ‘that which is’ (reality).

And suddenly we have tat, sat, sakti all as different apparent forms of the same “It” or “That”. What Richard Bach cheerfully called the “Is”.

And suddenly, it feels like Sankaracharya was bang on with his Advaita philosophy,

“brahma satyam, jagat mithyam, jivo brahmah na parah!” : “Brahman is the reality, the moving world is an illusion, and the jiva is the brahma, none other”

And if I have got the concept right, then the bliss or ananda of knowing this, gives rise to the the term sat-cit-ananda.

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