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Jaimini

Authorship and Copyright Notice: All Rights Reserved: Satya Sarada Kandula

Jaimini Maharshi was the student who learnt the Sama Veda from Veda Vyasa. It is said that the Sama Veda has a lot in common with the Rg Veda, except that the Sama Veda is sung.

Jaimini also wrote a version of the Mahabharatam called Jaimini Bharatam.

Jaimini learnt astrology from Parasara, Vyasa’s father.

Jaimini himself created a work on astrology called Jaimini Sutras. This has 4 chapters (adhyayas) and 1000 sutras. There are some differences between, the Jaimini Sutras and the Brihat Parasara Hora Sastra.

Jaimini also wrote the Purva Mimamsa Sutras. Mimamsa means inquiry. The Purva Mimamsa is one of the 6 systems of Hindu philosophy. (Nyaya, Vaisesika, Samkhya, Yoga, Mimamsa and Tarka).

The Mimamsa accepts that the Vedas are perfect and focuses on the rites. Kumarila Bhatta and Prabhakara have written expositions of this work.

The Jaiminiya UpanishadBrahmana or the Talavaakara Aranyaka contains the Kena Upanishad. The Brahmanas in general explain the Samhitas, sometimes with stories and rituals. The Samhitas are the parts of the Vedas with the Vedic chants in them. The Aranyakas had to be learnt in the forest, secretly and away from civilization. They also explained the Vedas, but more from a spiritual context. Some of the interesting shlokas (verses) of the Kena Upanishad says that “The Brahman (the great – the ultimate – God) is that which cannot be heard by the ear, seen by the eye or known by the mind. But It is That which makes the eye see, the ear hear and the mind work. The Brahman is not any object”.

The Jaimini Sroutha Sutras and the Jaimini Gruhya sutras are Kalpa Sutras which tell us what should be done  in the large scale public yajnas and in the small scale home yajnas as per the Sama Veda, Jaimineya or Talavakara Sakha.

The language of the Mimamsa and the Kena Upanishad are easier to understand than the language of the Veda. Some people think that this is why the Vedas must be older than the Upanishads.

Using astronomical references, some Vedic mantras are dated around 6000 BC and some verses of the Brahmanas are dated around 3000 BC. See : Equinoxes and Dating Vedas: The Data and Equinoxes and Dating Vedas (the method).

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